dr jose rizal Uncovering the Truth: The Revolutionary Writings of Dr. Jose Rizal and the Fight for Philippine Independence

dr jose rizal
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Dr. Jose Rizal is considered to be one of the most important figures in Philippine history. He is widely recognized for his contributions to the country’s struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule.

Rizal was born on June 19, 1861, in Calamba, Laguna, Philippines. He was the seventh of eleven children born to Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonso. From a young age, he showed an aptitude for learning, and his parents made sure to provide him with the best education possible.

Rizal’s early education was primarily self-directed, as his mother was a skilled teacher and instilled in him a love of learning. He later attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, where he excelled in academics and began to develop his interest in the Philippines and its culture.

In 1877, Rizal moved to Manila to study at the University of Santo Tomas, where he earned a degree in Philosophy and Letters. He also studied medicine at the same university but did not finish his degree. Instead, he went to Spain to continue his studies, where he earned a degree in Medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid.

While studying in Spain, Rizal became involved in the Propaganda Movement, a group of Filipinos living abroad who sought to bring attention to the plight of the Philippines under Spanish colonial rule. Through his writings, including the novels “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo,” Rizal exposed the injustices and corruption of the Spanish colonial government, which helped to galvanize the Philippines’ nationalist movement.

Rizal returned to the Philippines in 1892, but his criticisms of the Spanish government made him a target of the authorities. He was arrested and exiled to Dapitan, a remote town in Mindanao, where he spent four years. During this time, he continued to write and advocate for Philippine independence.

On December 30, 1896, Rizal was arrested, tried, and convicted of rebellion. He was executed by firing squad on December 30, 1896, in Bagumbayan, now known as Rizal Park in Manila. His death became a rallying point for the Philippines’ struggle for independence, and his writings continue to be studied and revered to this day.

Rizal’s legacy lives on in the Philippines, where his contributions to the country’s struggle for independence are still celebrated. His writings, particularly “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo,” are widely read and studied, and his ideals of freedom, democracy, and human rights continue to inspire generations of Filipinos.

In conclusion, Dr. Jose Rizal is widely considered as the greatest hero of Philippines, whose selfless act of sacrifice, his writings and his ideals continue to inspire the Filipino people. His contributions to the country’s struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule, through his writings and advocacy, have made him a symbol of the Philippines’ national identity and a source of pride for its people.

dr jose rizal was a supporter of peaceful reform whose 1896 execution In 1895, Rizal asked for permission to travel to Cuba as an army doctor.

José Rizal, in full José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda, (born June 19, 1861, Calamba, Philippines—died December 30, 1896, Manila), patriot, physician, and man of letters who was an inspiration to the Philippine nationalist movement. … The son of a prosperous landowner

How to get to LAKBAY JOSE RIZAL @150 sites and location of stamp sites


Rizal’s boat, the S.S. España arrived in Dumaguete City. Dr. Rizal went ashore, visited Governor Regal of Negros Occidental, visited a classmate Herrero Regidor and operated on the captain of the Civil Guard

Dumaguete city
Photo source: https://dumaguete.com/

The boat made its first stop in Dumaguete in Negros Oriental, then already one of the more progressive towns in the Visayas, in the early morning of the following day. In his diary, Rizal wrote about his impressions: “Dumaguete spreads out on the beach. There are big houses, some with galvanized iron roofing. The house of a lady whose name I have forgotten was outstanding … .”

As cargoes were being loaded, Rizal, together with his relatives, went ashore. Being a prisoner, he was escorted by Captain Carnicero.


Rizal paid a courtesy call on the governor, Emilio Regal, before seeing a friend and former classmate, Faustino Herrero Regidor, who was suffering from ophthalmia. That afternoon, Rizal, who underwent training as an ophthalmologist in Europe, operated on Regidor.

Apparently, Rizal saw other people, including a woman identified in his diary as one “Mrs. Rufina.” In her house, he observed, “where after four years, I heard the piano expertly played.”

Of all the things he saw in Dumaguete, he noted the people’s fondness for “decorating their houses with plants and flowers.”

Read more: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/426563/rizals-impressions-of-the-visayas#ixzz69vuMDjwE
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How to get there:
Dumaguete City

By air: Travel by air takes an hour and a half. Cebu Pacific offers daily flights from Manila to Dumaguete City. Tricycles and jeepneys are available from the airport going to Quezon Park.

By sea: There are ferries that offer travel from Manila to Dumaguete City. Travelling by sea takes 36 hours.

Stamp Area:
Dumaguete City Tourism Office

Quezon Park, Sta. Catalina St., Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental

Stamp Responsible Person/Entity:
Mr. Audrey Noel Tumulak

Quezon Park Tourism Officer

(035) 422-9409

(M-F, 8 am- 5 PM)

The S.S. España docked in Cebu on August 2, 1896 for a routine one-day stop over. After breakfast on board, Commander Carcinero took Rizal under custody to the Spanish Military Commander of Cebu, Gen. Adulfo Montero in the Military Headquarters located in Fort San Pedro.

san pedro fort cebu
Photo source: https://www.y101fm.com/

How to get there:
Cebu City

By air: Cebu Pacific Air offers flights from Manila to Cebu City. Travel time is approx. an hour and a half. Taxis are available from the airport going to Fort San Pedro.

By sea: There are ferries that offer travel from Manila to Cebu City.

Fort San Pedro is located at Pier Area, Cebu City

Stamp Area:

Daily: 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM

Stamp Responsible Person/Entity:
Ms. Lourdes Limpangog, Officer-In-Charge

Fort San Pedro

(032) 256-2284/

(032) 416-7080

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jose rizal family tree

jose rizal family tree
Source: https://philippinefolklifemuseum.org/

The Rizals is considered one of the biggest families during their time. Domingo Lam-co, the family’s paternal ascendant was a full-blooded Chinese who came to the Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of the 17th century and married a Chinese half-breed by the name of Ines de la Rosa.

Researchers revealed that the Mercado-Rizal family had also traces of Japanese, Spanish, Malay and Even Negrito blood aside from Chinese.

Jose Rizal came from a 13-member family consisting of his parents, Francisco Mercado II and Teodora Alonso Realonda, and nine sisters and one brother.

Father of Jose Rizal who was the youngest of 13 offsprings of Juan and Cirila Mercado. Born in Biñan, Laguna on April 18, 1818; studied in San Jose College, Manila; and died in Manila.

TEODORA ALONSO (1827-1913)
Mother of Jose Rizal who was the second child of Lorenzo Alonso and Brijida de Quintos. She studied at the Colegio de Santa Rosa. She was a business-minded woman, courteous, religious, hard-working and well-read. She was born in Santa Cruz, Manila on November 14, 1827 and died in 1913 in Manila.

Eldest child of the Rizal-Alonzo marriage. Married Manuel Timoteo Hidalgo of Tanauan, Batangas.

PACIANO RIZAL (1851-1930)
Only brother of Jose Rizal and the second child. Studied at San Jose College in Manila; became a farmer and later a general of the Philippine Revolution.

NARCISA RIZAL (1852-1939)
The third child. married Antonio Lopez at Morong, Rizal; a teacher and musician.

OLYMPIA RIZAL (1855-1887)
The fourth child. Married Silvestre Ubaldo; died in 1887 from childbirth.

LUCIA RIZAL (1857-1919)
The fifth child. Married Matriano Herbosa.

MARIA RIZAL (1859-1945)
The sixth child. Married Daniel Faustino Cruz of Biñan, Laguna.

JOSE RIZAL (1861-1896)
The second son and the seventh child. He was executed by the Spaniards on December 30,1896.

The eight child. Died at the age of three.

JOSEFA RIZAL (1865-1945)
The ninth child. An epileptic, died a spinster.

TRINIDAD RIZAL (1868-1951)
The tenth child. Died a spinster and the last of the family to die.

SOLEDAD RIZAL (1870-1929)
The youngest child married Pantaleon Quintero.

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Date of death: 30 December 1896

Si Dr. Jose Rizal ay pinatay sa Bagumbayan sa pamamagitan ng firing squad noong December 30, 1896. Sya ay nahatulan ng kamatayan

why rizal is our national hero

Jose Rizal became the Philippine national hero because he fought for freedom in a silent but powerful way.

He expressed his love for the Philippines through his novels, essays and articles rather than through the use of force or aggression.

He was a very amazing person at his time.

Who declared Rizal as a national hero?
This was one of the first official steps taken by the Taft Commission to honor Rizal. Since then, Jose Rizal came to be known as the National Hero.

It was also during the American times that Rizal’s death anniversary was made an official holiday.

On February 1, 1902, the Philippine Commission enacted Act.

When did Rizal became our national hero?
Dr. Jose Rizal became our National Hero not only because of his genius, his multiple talents but because of his unquenchable love of the Philippines.

On December 20, 1898, almost two years after Rizal’s execution, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo issued the first official Proclamation making December 30 “Rizal Day”.

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